For example, entering a building to clear it of hostiles is far different from open warfare in a field:
This project focused on MOUT within a single building. We are "zoomed in" to research small team movements and coordination in the critical operation of clearing a building. This involves searching the building room by room, eliminating enemy combatants, identifying non-combatants, and searching for things such as cached weapons, documents, and bomb-making materials. We constructed a facility for research into building clearing training at the 263rd Army National Guard, Air and Missile Defense Command site in Anderson, SC, approximately 15 km from Clemson University. The facility (appx. 200 sq. m.) consists of two parts, a "shoothouse" and an instructor operator station. The shoothouse, where building clearing exercises are conducted, consists of six rooms and interconnecting hallways. The rooms are reconfigurable to provide a variety of sizes, shapes, and entry points. The following pictures show the shoothouse from 4 different viewpoints, along with a CAD representation.
The shoothouse is equipped with 36 cameras positioned for tracking trainees during exercises. The instructor operation station contains computers and other equipment used for collecting, processing, recording, and presenting tracking information on the training exercises. A large screen allows for presentation of the recorded exercise, for example for an after action review.
We constructed a custom lasertag system that enables us to track weapon orientations, head orientations, and firing, and wirelessly transmit these data. The point of our system is to be able to track where the subjects are aiming their weapons, and where they are looking, at all times, not just when they fire their weapons. Both the rifle and the helmet are equipped with a combination magnetometer/accelerometer, produced by Honeywell Corp., to track orientation. The weapons emit laser pulses upon firing that can be detected by sensors on the weapons and helmets of other subjects. All data are broadcast at 8-15 Hz and are available for real-time or off-line analysis for deriving training metrics. The following figures show a weapon and some of the parts.
|Rifle||Helmet||Custom circuit board|
|Circuit board inside rifle stock||Inside helmet||Orientation sensor inside rifle barrel|
A group of marines, who had recently returned from Fallujah, Iraq, conducts exercises at our site.
Some images of marines training at 29 Palms, California.