The Clemson Vehicular Electronics Laboratory

EM Modeling Using SPICE Circuit Solvers

Circuit Board

Researchers at Clemson University combined Finite Element electromagnetic analysis techniques with SPICE circuit solvers to perform fast and accurate electromagnetic simulations. SPICE analysis is generally faster than traditional matrix solvers and can be performed in both the time and frequency domains. FEM-SPICE analysis is also a very effective technique for solving full-wave electromagnetic modeling problems that include linear or nonlinear circuit elements. The result of this project was a robust computational method for modeling complex circuit/structural EM geometries from DC to several GHz.


  1. H. Ke, F. Maradei and T. Hubing, "Using the LU recombination method to extend the application of circuit-oriented finite element methods to arbitrarily low frequencies," IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 58, no. 5, May 2010, pp. 1189-1195.
  2. H. Ke, F. Maradei and T. Hubing, Full-Wave Electromagnetic Modeling from DC to GHz using FEM-SPICE, Proc. of the 2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on EMC, Beijing, China, April 14, 2010, pp. 520-523.
  3. F. Maradei, H. Ke and T. Hubing, “Full-wave model of frequency-dispersive media with Debye dispersion relation by circuit-oriented FEM,” IEEE Trans. on Electromagnetic Compatibility, vol. 51, no. 2, May 2009, pp. 312-319.
  4. C. Guo and T. Hubing, "Circuit models for power bus structures on printed circuit boards using a hybrid FEM-SPICE method," IEEE Trans. on Advanced Packaging, vol. 29, no. 3, Aug. 2006, pp. 441-447.